Bibliografia scientifica

Ecco i riferimenti bibliografici su proprietà, caratteristiche, usi dei nostri oli essenziali.

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Abete rosso

Radulescu – Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil from Shoots Spruce (Picea abies L)

(REV. CHIM. Bucharest, 62, 1, 2011)

Haman – Antimicrobial Effect of Picea abies Extracts on E. coli Growth



Caputo – Laurus nobilis: Composition of Essential Oil and Its Biological Activities


Chahal – A review on chemistry and biological activities of Laurus nobilis L. essential oil

(JPP 2017; 6(4): 1153-1161)

Sayyah – Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis Linn.


Juergens – Anti-inflammatory activity of 1.8-cineol (eucalyptol) in bronchial asthma: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial


Cedro dell’Atlantico

Armiliato Emer – The role of the endocannabinoid system in the antihyperalgesic effect of Cedrus atlantica essential oil inhalation in a mouse model of postoperative pain


Martins – Inhalation of Cedrus atlantica essential oil alleviates pain behavior through activation of descending pain modulation pathways in a mouse model of postoperative pain


Zrira – Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential of Cedrus atlantica (Cedarwood oil)


Al Kamaly – Cedrus atlantica (Endl.) Manetti ex Carrière Essential Oil Alleviates Pain and Inflammation with No Toxicity in Rodent



Aazza – Anti-oxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-proliferative Activities of Moroccan Commercial Essential Oils


Weston – Green – A Review of the Potential Use of Pinene and Linalool as Terpene-Based Medicines for Brain Health: Discovering Novel Therapeutics in the Flavours and Fragrances of Cannabis


Selim – Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of the Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.) (

Batiha – Bioactive compounds, pharmacological actions and pharmacokinetics of Cupressus sempervirens


Umezu – Evaluation of the Effects of Plant-derived Essential Oils on Central Nervous System Function Using Discrete Shuttle-type Conditioned Avoidance Response in Mice (

Lee – Cypress Essential Oil Improves Scopolamine-induced Learning and Memory Deficit in C57BL/6 mice



Mastelic – Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Helichrysum italicum Essential Oil and Its Terpene and Terpenoid Fractions


Tonkovtseva – Essential oil of Helychrysum italicum and its effect on psychophysiological state of elderly people breathing it in low concentration


Fraternale – In Vitro Anticollagenase and Antielastase Activities of Essential Oil of Helichrysum italicum subsp. italicum (Roth) G. Don


Andjic – Formulation and Evaluation of Helichrysum italicum Essential Oil-Based Topical Formulations for Wound Healing in Diabetic Rats


Jakupovic – Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin-Based Helichrysum italicum Extracts: Antioxidant and Cosmeceutical Activity and Biocompatibility



Juergens – New Perspectives for Mucolytic, Anti-inflammatory and Adjunctive Therapy with 1,8-Cineole in COPD and Asthma: Review on the New Therapeutic Approach (

Silva – Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils of Eucalyptus (

Gilles – Chemical composition and antimicrobial properties of essential oils of three Australian Eucalyptus species


Najar – Screening of the essential oil effects on human H1N1 influenza virus infection: an in vitro study in MDCK cells


Mieres-Castro – Antiviral Activities of Eucalyptus Essential Oils: Their Effectiveness as Therapeutic Targets against Human Viruses


Galan – Eucalyptol (1,8-cineole): an underutilized ally in respiratory disorders? (

Navajan – Evaluation of the Mosquito Repellent Activity of Nano-sized Microemulsion of Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil Against Culicinae

(doi: 10.5812/jjnpp.55626)

Borges e Soares – Exploring Pharmacological Mechanisms of Essential Oils on the Central Nervous System


Mohammed – Topical Eucalyptol Ointment Accelerates Wound Healing and Exerts Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects in Rats’ Skin Burn Model (

Lee – Suppression of Propionibacterium acnes-Induced Skin Inflammation by Laurus nobilis Extract and Its Major Constituent Eucalyptol (


Hajhashemi – Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the leaf extracts and essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill


Cavanagh – Biological activities of Lavender essential oil (

Cardia – Effect of Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) Essential Oil on Acute Inflammatory Response

(doi: 10.1155/2018/1413940)

Lavanda ibrida

Barocelli – Antinociceptive and gastroprotective effects of inhaled and orally administered Lavandula hybrida Reverchon “Grosso” essential oil (

Seo – Fumigant Antitermitic Activity of Plant Essential Oils and Components (

Elguea-Culebras – Biocidal Potential and Chemical Composition of Industrial Essential Oils from Hyssopus officinalis, Lavandula × intermedia var. Super, and Santolina chamaecyparissus


Hancianu – Neuroprotective effects of inhaled lavender oil on scopolamine-induced dementia via anti-oxidative activities in rats


But – Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant efficacy of lavender oil in experimentally induced thrombosis

(doi: 10.1186/s12959-023-00516-0)

Eldeghedy – Chemical Composition of Essential Oils of Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula hybrida Cultivated in Egypt and their Biological Activities



Rozza – Essential oils from medicinal and aromatic plants: a review of the gastroprotective and ulcer-healing activities


Oboh – Inhibition of enzymes linked to type-2 diabetes and hypertension by essential oils from peels of orange and lemon


Bouzenna – The protective effect of Citrus limon essential oil on hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity induced by aspirin in rats


Frassinetti – Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Citrus spp. (

Tariq – A comprehensive review of the antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral potential of essential oils and their chemical constituents against drug-resistant microbial pathogens


Fadilah – Virucidal Activity of Essential Oils From Citrus x aurantium L. Against Influenza A Virus H1N1: Limonene as a Potential Household Disinfectant Against Virus


Minami – The Inhibitory Effect of Essential Oils on Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 Replication In Vitro


Liu – Lemon essential oil ameliorates age-associated cognitive dysfunction via modulating hippocampal synaptic density and inhibiting acetylcholinesterase

(doi: 10.18632/aging.103179)

Dosoky – Biological Activities and Safety of Citrus spp. Essential Oils (

Mori – Inhibition of elastase activity by essential oils in vitro (

Prommaban – Microemulsion of essential oils from citrus peels and leaves with anti-aging, whitening, and irritation reducing capacity


Matsuura – Tyrosinase Inhibitory Activity of Citrus Essential Oils


Limone petitgrain

Aprotosoaie – Linalool: a review on a key odorant molecule with valuable biological properties


Brah – Toxicity and therapeutic applications of citrus essential oils (CEOs): a review (10.1080/10942912.2022.2158864)

Coelho – Neurobehavioral and genotoxic evaluation of (−)-linalool in mice (

Elisabetsky – Anticonvulsant properties of linalool in glutamate-related seizure models (

Oulebsir – Essential Oil of Citrus aurantium L. Leaves: Composition, Antioxidant Activity, Elastase and Collagenase Inhibition


Peana – Anti-inflammatory activity of linalool and linalyl acetate constituents of essential oils



Tayarani-Najaran – Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from Mentha spicata and Mentha × piperita in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting

(doi: 10.3332/ecancer.2013.290)

Cuikla – Investigations into the antibacterial activities of phytotherapeutics against Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni


Rahimi – Herbal medicines for the management of irritable bowel syndrome: a comprehensive review

(doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i7.589)

De Sousa – Antispasmodic effect of Mentha piperita essential oil on tracheal smooth muscle of rats


Jirovetz – Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils of Mint and Peppermint as Well as Some of Their Main Compounds


Singh – Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Mentha piperita L.


Serra – Antifungal Activity of Commercial Essential Oils and Biocides against Candida Albicans


Kamatou – Menthol: A simple monoterpene with remarkable biological properties


Koch – Essential oils inhibit replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2


Laude – The Antitussive Effects of Menthol, Camphor and Cineole in Conscious Guinea-pigs


Lizarraga-Valderrama – Effects of essential oils on central nervous system: Focus on mental health


Keringer – Menthol can be safely applied to improve thermal perception during physical exercise: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (

Kehili – Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) essential oil as a potent anti-inflammatory, wound healing and anti-nociceptive drug


Pino mugo

Pinheiro – Gastroprotective effect of alpha-pinene and its correlation with antiulcerogenic activity of essential oils obtained from Hyptis species


Damabi – The role of α – and β – adrenergic receptors in the spasmolytic effects on rat ileum of Petroselinum crispum Latifolum (parsley)


Dae-Seung – Alpha-Pinene Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity Through the Suppression of MAPKs and the NF-κB Pathway in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages (

Mitic – Comparative study of the essential oils of four Pinus species: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and insect larvicidal activity (

Khoshnazar – Alpha-pinene exerts neuroprotective effects via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic mechanisms in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (

Aazza – Antioxidant and Antiacetylcholinesterase Activities of Some Commercial Essential Oils and Their Major Compounds (

Basholli-Salihu – Phytochemical composition, anti-inflammatory activity and cytotoxic effects of essential oils from three Pinus spp.



Gelmini – An analytical and theoretical approach for the profiling of the antioxidant activity of essential oils: the case of Rosmarinus officinalis L

(DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2011.03.026)

Bowal – Eucalyptol: Safety and Pharmacological Profile

(DOI: 10.5530/rjps.2015.4.2)

Sousa – Borges – Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil: A review of its phytochemistry, anti-inflammatory activity, and mechanisms of action involved (

Rekioua – Insecticidal effect of Eucalyptus globulus and Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils on a stored food pest Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera, Pyralidea)

(doi: 10.14715/cmb/2022.68.4.18)

Ben-Abada – Encapsulation of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil and of its main components in cyclodextrin: application to the control of the date moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Pyralidae)


Juergens – New Perspectives for Mucolytic, Anti-inflammatory and Adjunctive Therapy with 1,8-Cineole in COPD and Asthma: Review on the New Therapeutic Approach (

Juergens – Anti-in£ammatory activity of 1.8 -cineol (eucalyptol) in bronchial asthma: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial


Sivamani – Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors

(doi: 10.6026/97320630008457)

De Macedo – Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L., syn Salvia rosmarinus Spenn.) and Its Topical Applications: A Review


Salvia sclarea

Peana – Pharmacological activities and applications of Salvia sclarea and Salvia desoleana essential oils


Mahboubi – Clary sage essential oil and its biological activities


Cui – Antimicrobial activity and mechanisms of Salvia sclarea essential oil (

Batista – Evidence for the involvement of ionotropic glutamatergic receptors on the antinociceptive effect of (−)-linalool in mice (

Thuja occidentale

Caruntu – Thuja occidentalis L. (Cupressaceae): Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry and Biological Activity (10.3390/molecules25225416)

Jasuja – Essential Oil and Important Activities of Thuja orientalis and Thuja occidentalis (

Joseph – Successful treatment of verruca vulgaris with Thuja occidentalis in a renal allograft recipient

(doi: 10.4103/0971-4065.116316)

Radulovic – Toxic essential oils. Part V: Behaviour modulating and toxic properties of thujones and thujone-containing essential oils of Salvia officinalis L., Artemisia absinthium L., Thuja occidentalis L. and Tanacetum vulgare L.


Timo vulgaris

Rota – Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Thymus vulgaris, Thymus zygis and Thymus hyemalis essential oils


Almanea – The Potential Gastrointestinal Health Benefits of Thymus Vulgaris Essential Oil: A Review


Wani – An updated and comprehensive review of the antiviral potential of essential oils and their chemical constituents with special focus on their mechanism of action against various influenza and coronaviruses


Abdelli – Chemical Composition and Anti-inflammatory Activity of Algerian Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil


Games – Structurally Related Monoterpenes p-Cymene, Carvacrol and Thymol Isolated from Essential Oil from Leaves of Lippia sidoides Cham. (Verbenaceae) Protect Mice against Elastase-Induced Emphysema


Bandhari – To evaluate anti-anxiety activity of thymol


Braga – Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Thymol: Inhibitory Effect on the Release of Human Neutrophil Elastase


Carrasco – Comparative study of GC-MS characterization, antioxidant activity and hyaluronidase inhibition of different species of Lavandula and Thymus essential oils (

Gabbai-Armelin – A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of thymol as an anti-inflammatory and wound healing agent


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Dal momento che ogni olio essenziale può avere usi diversi – come cosmetico, per profumare l’ambiente, per uso alimentare – non è consentito descriverne le proprietà e i possibili utilizzi nei siti commerciali. Per questo, nel rispetto delle normative e della loro ratio, Oli Essenziali Italiani non è un sito di vendita ma uno strumento di conoscenza e di approfondimento. Qui mettiamo a disposizione di un pubblico vasto e troppo spesso male informato le nozioni fondamentali per utilizzare questi formidabili prodotti della natura nel rispetto di sé e degli altri.

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